WiFi 6 ?

Wi-Fi 6 ?
Get ready for the next generation of wifi (Wireless) technology: Wi-fi 6 is going to be appearing on devices starting in 2019. But, should you replace your old router and get a new one? And is this going to make your Internet run faster? Here’s what you should know !
The history of wifi
Those of you of a certain age will remember when home internet access was only wired—and only one computer could get online, a single MP3 took half an hour to download. Then WIfi came along and changed everything. The first wifi protocol appeared in 1997, offering 2Mbit/s link speeds, but it was only with the arrival of 802.11b and 11Mbit/s speeds in 1999 that people seriously started thinking about home wifi.
Wifi standards, as well as a whole host of other electronics standards, are managed by the IEEE: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Specifically, IEEE 802 refers to local area network standards, and 802.11 focuses on wireless LAN. In the 20 years since 802.11b arrived, we’ve seen numerous new standards of all sorts come out, though not all of them apply to home networking.
The introduction of 802.11g in 2003 (54Mbit/s) and 802.11n in 2009 (a whopping 600Mbit/s) were both significant moments in the history of wifi. Another significant step forward was the introduction of dual-band routers with both 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands, tied to the arrival of 802.11n, which could offer faster speeds at shorter ranges.
Today, with 802.11ac in place, that 5GHz band can push speeds of 1,300Mbit/s, so we’re talking speeds that are more than 600 times faster than they were in 1997. Wi-Fi 6 takes that another step forward, but it’s not just speed that’s improving.
Explaining wifi technology can get quite technical. A lot of recent improvements, including those arriving with Wi-Fi 6, involve some clever engineering to squeeze more bandwidth out of the existing 2.4GHz and 5GHz your router already employs. The end result is more capacity on the same channels, with less interference between them, as well as faster data transfer speeds.
Turning wifi up to six
In the past, Wi-Fi versions were identified by a letter or a pair of letters that referred to a wireless standard. The current version is 802.11ac, but before that, we had 802.11n, 802.11g, 802.11a, and 802.11b. It was not comprehensible, so the Wi-Fi Alliance — the group that stewards the implementation of Wi-Fi — is changing it.
All of those convoluted codenames are being changed. So instead of the current Wi-Fi being called 802.11ac, it’ll be called Wi-Fi 5 (because it’s the fifth version). It’ll probably make more sense this way, starting with the first version of Wi-Fi, 802.11b:
Wi-Fi 1: 802.11b (1999)
Wi-Fi 2: 802.11a (1999)
Wi-Fi 3: 802.11g (2003)
Wi-Fi 4: 802.11n (2009)
Wi-Fi 5: 802.11ac (2014)
Now, instead of wondering whether “ac” is better than “n” or if the two versions even work together, you’ll just look at the number. Wi-Fi 5 is higher than Wi-Fi 4, so obviously it’s better. And since Wi-Fi networks have always worked together, it’s somewhat clearer that Wi-Fi 5 devices should be able to connect with Wi-Fi 4 devices, too. (Technically, Wi-Fi 1, Wi-Fi 2, and Wi-Fi 3 aren’t being branded because they aren’t widely in use, but I’ve labeled how it would look above for clarity.)
The Wi-Fi Alliance even wants to see this branding go beyond hardware. So in the future when you connect to a Wi-Fi network on your phone or laptop, your device will tell you what Wi-Fi version you’re connected to. That way, if two networks are available — one showing “4” and the other showing “5” — you’d be able to choose the newer, faster option.
Now that the retroactive renaming is done, it’s time for the future. If you’ve been closely following router developments over the past year (no judgments here), you’ll know that the next generation of Wi-Fi is on the horizon, with the promise of faster speeds and better performance when handling a multitude of devices. It was supposed to be called 802.11ax, but now it’ll go by a simpler name: Wi-Fi 6.
One of the most important changes Wi-Fi 6 brings with it is, of course, the new naming system: Using a simple succession of numbers is going to make it a lot easier for consumers to keep track of standards and make sure they’ve got compatible kit set up. The more technical term for Wi-Fi 6 is 802.11ax, if you prefer the old naming.
Expect to see the new Wi-Fi 6 name on hardware products and inside software menus from 2019, as well as funky little logos not unlike the one Google uses for its Chromecast devices.
As always, the improvements with this latest generation of wifi are in two key areas: Raw speed and throughput (if wifi was a highway, we’d be talking about a higher maximum speed limit for vehicles, as well as more lanes to handle more vehicles at once). Wi-Fi 6 will support 8K video streaming, provided your internet supplier is going to give you access to sufficient download speeds in the first place.
In practice that means support for transfer rates of 1.1Gbit/s over the 2.4GHz band (with four streams available) and 4.8Gbit/s over the 5GHz band (with eight streams available), though the technology is still being refined ahead of its full launch next year—those speeds may, in fact, go up (it’s been hitting 10Gbit/s in the lab). Roughly speaking, you can look forward to 4x to 10x speed increasesin your wifi.
Another improvement Wi-Fi 6 will bring is improved efficiency, which means a lower power draw, which means less of a strain on battery life (or lower figures on your electricity bill). It’s hard to quantify the difference exactly, especially as Wi-Fi 6 has yet to be finalized, but it’s another step in the right direction for wifi standards—it shouldn’t suck the life out of your phone or always-on laptop quite as quickly.
What will you have to do?
Not a lot. As is usually the case, Wi-Fi 6 is going to be backwards compatible with all the existing wifi gear out there, so if you bring something home from the gadget shop that supports the new standard, it will work fine with your current setup—you just won’t be able to get the fastest speeds until everything is Wi-Fi 6 enabled.
How long that takes is going to depend on hardware manufacturers, software developers, internet service providers, and everyone else in the industry. You might just have to sit tight until your broadband provider of choice deems the time is right to upgrade the hardware it supplies to you (though you could just upgrade the router yourself).
When you’re out and about in the wider world you might start to see certain networks advertising faster speeds, using the new terminology, but this rebrand is brand new: We’ll just have to wait and see how these new names and logos get used in practice. Would you swap coffee shops for Wi-Fi 6?
Bear in mind that it’s also going to take a while for this to roll out properly. When we say 2019, that’s the very earliest that fully approved Wi-Fi 6 devices are going to start appearing on the scene, so it might be months or years before everyone catches up. Some early devices making use of the draft technology have already appeared on the scene.
Even if you have no problems with download and upload speeds right now, Wi-Fi 6 is intended to fix some of the pain points that still exist: Trying to get decent wifi in a crowded space, for example, or trying to connect 20 different devices to the same home router without the wireless performance falling off a cliff.
The Wi-Fi Alliance even wants to see this branding go beyond hardware. So in the future when you connect to a Wi-Fi network on your phone or laptop, your device will tell you what Wi-Fi version you’re connected to. That way, if two networks are available — one showing “4” and the other showing “5” — you’d be able to choose the newer, faster option.
Now that the retroactive renaming is done, it’s time for the future. If you’ve been closely following router developments over the past year (no judgments here), you’ll know that the next generation of Wi-Fi is on the horizon, with the promise of faster speeds and better performance when handling a multitude of devices. It was supposed to be called 802.11ax, but now it’ll go by a simpler name: Wi-Fi 6.
The Wi-Fi Alliance says that it expects companies to adopt this numerical advertising in place of the classic lettered versions. It also expects to see earlier versions of Wi-Fi start to be referred to by their updated numbered names as well.
Because the Wi-Fi Alliance represents just about every major company that makes any kind of product with Wi-Fi in it, its actions usually reflect what the industry wants. So presumably, tech companies are on board with the branding change and will start to advertise it this way.

KARATE ARTICLE 63 Never underestimate an opponent

KARATE ARTICLE 63
Never underestimate an opponent or belittle their skills.
Throughout my many years of Martial Arts (now over 55 years), I have always made a point to teach to those with Physical Handicaps, and also to the Elderly. Here I want to relate a story about one such student. The students name is Serge. We originally met when I was training with a Kyokushin style based Group. The club was very close to my then Home. Due to my existing background, I was quickly raised to Sempai or Senior status (eventually granted a Nidan or Second Degree). Serge was a junior who they had a hard time figuring out how to teach to.
He was born with his Left arm lacking certain muscles and tendons, as well as very little bone density. His left arm was like a soft rubber tube. He had absolutely no control over the arm or hand. Therefore it was sometimes a hindrance when he moved, and of no use to strike or block.
The club had a change in owners, and after a certain amount of time I felt the need to move on. I returned to my Karate roots and found a JKA Shotokan club that I liked. Serge when learning this, followed me there. I guess he felt I knew what I was doing. I started at the bottom as I always have a tendency to do when starting at a new club or organization (just my way). Again I was rapidly advanced. In the course of doing so I felt the need to mentor Serge in his training, as once again the Instructors seemed at a loss of how to work with him. This is one of my first points in all this rambling. I had been exposed to many different arts and teachers and styles. I feel that this exposure to all sorts of arts, permitted me to step out of the Box some styles put you in, to conceive or invent techniques specifically for Serge. Many of my colleagues in specific styles earlier on would have a negative attitude to sampling or trying other styles or Ryu. Some organizations even went so far as to outright ban participating in any activities of other organizations (Such as Tournaments). Whether politically based or otherwise motivated, to my mind this was a really short-sighted policy.
Back to Serge and his training. I worked with Serge to develop his hand-techniques in such a way, that every block was a simultaneous strike, and every strike served as a block when executed. Also worked a great deal with him on his footwork, what is called in Japanese styles Tai-Sabaki (Body-Movement).
So we worked Ashi-Sabaki and Te-Sabaki (Foot Movement combined with Hand-Work). Serge was a diligent and eager student, willing to work hard to improve. His hard work was paying off, and his skills in Kumite became better than before.
The reward came when the club in question (Dojo Central JKA Dojo in Montreal) had an opportunity to incorporate members from another club that was closing and therefore members were seeking another club to train at. The entire membership was invited to train Free with us for a Month to establish whether they enjoyed our training and Instructors.
A Sandan (Third Degree) lined-up with Serge and began Jiyu-Kumite (Free-Sparring). He got the surprise of his life when the Green Belt started scoring on him. He obviously thought he would take it easy on this poor Handicapped fellow, but quickly learned he better watch out for techniques he was not used to. My reward came when I saw the subtle smile Serge had when he was able to score on a Sandan.
The Sandan afterwards being puzzled asked about the techniques and eventually came to me to discuss this stuff.
Serge went on to quickly attain his Brown Belt.
So here is my other point or reason for doing this Article.
Many Clubs or Organizations fearful either of losing the purity of what they do, or because of the attitude if we do not do it here it has no value, close themselves to alternate or different ways of executing or doing a technique. What I showed to Serge was not new, just put together and executed in a different way. It has also always been my belief that any well executed block can also be an attack.
Now some of you out there are going of course all of that is so obvious. Well in some circles and in some organizations this is not so. Once again I point out that being exposed to as many Arts and Styles and Ryu as possible will have a positive effect on all your practices and types of training. While I am at it, I wish to Commend and Congratulate Anthony C. Marquez Sensei for his work with those who are Physically challenged.
Thank You for Your Time
Paul Dupre

AMD Ryzen Threadripper2 with up to 32Cores !

AMD Ryzen Threadripper2 with up to 32 Cores, yes that’s correct you did read it right 32 Cores. AMD has quickly ramped up their ZEN Architecture and are now delivering the Threadripper2 (2nd Generation). AMD’s Zeppelin silicon has 8 cores, and the first generation Threadripper uses two of them to get to the top-SKU of 16-cores. Inside the CPU however, there are four pieces of silicon: two active and two inactive. For this second generation of Threadripper, called Threadripper 2 or the Threadripper 2000-series, AMD is going to make these inactive dies into active ones, and substantially increase the core count for the high-end desktop and workstation user. On some other processor designs,they have four active dies, with eight active cores on each die (four for each CCX). On one, there are eight memory channels, and AMD’s X399 platform only has support for four channels. For the first generation this meant that each of the two active die would have two memory channels attached – in the second generation Threadripper this is still the case: the two now ‘active’ parts of the chip do not have direct memory access. Not long ago it was stated by several motherboard vendors that some of the current X399 motherboards on the market might struggle with power delivery to the new parts, and so we are likely to see a motherboard refresh for several Manufacturers. AMD’s Threadripper2 is quite competitive with high-end i7’s and even the new Intel i9’s given the right circumstances. However I would keep in mind that very shortly they may transfer to a new CPU manufacturing process (7nm) that will further increase performance. So buyer beware, do your Homework before making a purchase. AMD is finally starting to give Intel competition. Especially on Price. Threadripper2 from 8 Cores to 32 Cores depending on which CPU flavor !

Worlds Fastest Super Computer

IBM, Nvidia Build “World’s Fastest Supercomputer” for US Government
The DOE’s new Summit system features a unique architecture that combines HPC and AI computing capabilities.
https://www.datacenterknowledge.com/supercomputers/ibm-nvidia-build-world-s-fastest-supercomputer-us-government
IBM and DOE Launch World’s Fastest SuperComputer
Frederic Lardinois@fredericl / Jun 8, 2018 https://techcrunch.com/2018/06/08/ibms-new-summit-supercomputer-for-the-doe-delivers-200-petaflops/ IBM and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) today unveiled Summit, the department’s newest supercomputer. IBM claims that Summit is currently the world’s “most powerful and smartest scientific supercomputer” with a peak performance of a whopping 200,000 trillion calculations per second. That performance should put it comfortably at the top of the Top 500 supercomputer ranking when the new list is published later this month. That would also mark the first time since 2012 that a U.S.-based supercomputer holds the top spot on that list.
Summit, which has been in the works for a few years now, features 4,608 compute servers with two 22-core IBM Power9 chips and six Nvidia Tesla V100 GPUs each. In total, the system also features over 10 petabytes of memory. Given the presence of the Nvidia GPUs, it’s no surprise that the system is meant to be used for machine learning and deep learning applications, as well as the usual high performance computing workloads for research in energy and advanced materials that you would expect to happen at Oak Ridge.
IBM was the general contractor for Summit and the company collaborated with Nvidia, RedHat and InfiniBand networking specialists Mellanox on delivering the new machine.
“Summit’s AI-optimized hardware also gives researchers an incredible platform for analyzing massive datasets and creating intelligent software to accelerate the pace of discovery,” said Jeff Nichols, ORNL associate laboratory director for computing and computational sciences, in today’s announcement.
Summit is one of two of these next-generation supercomputers that IBM is building for the DEO. The second one is Sierra, which will be housed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Sierra, which is also scheduled to go online this year, is less powerful at an expected 125 petaflops, but both systems are significantly more powerful than any other machine in the DoE’s arsenal right now.

Karl Freund
Karl Freund is a Moor Insights & Strategy Senior Analyst for deep learning & HPC
Summit, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Capable of over 200 petaflops (200 quadrillion operations per second), Summit consists of 4600 IBM dual socket Power 9 nodes, connected by over 185 miles of fiber optic cabling. Each node is equipped with 6 NVIDIA Volta TensorCore GPUs, delivering total throughput that is 8 times faster than its predecessor, Titan, for double precision tasks, and 100 times faster for reduced precision tasks common in deep learning and AI. China has held the top spot in the Top 500 for the last 5 years, so this brings the virtual HPC crown home to the USA.

Some of the specifications are truly amazing; the system exchanges water at the rate of 9 Olympic pools per day for cooling, and as an AI supercomputer, Summit has already achieved (limited) “exascale” status, delivering 3 exaflops of AI precision performance. What may be more important, though, is the science that this new system will enable—it is already at work on drug discovery using quantum chemistry, chronic pain analysis, and the study of mitochondrial DNA.
For those who cannot afford a full-fledged $100M supercomputer, NVIDIA also announced the new HGX-2 chassis, available from many vendors, which can be connected to a standard server for some serious AI in a box. DGX-2 supports 16 Volta GPUs, interconnected via the new NVSwitch networking to act as a single massive GPU, to deliver 2 petaflops of performance for AI and HPC. As you can see, NVIDIA is paying a lot of attention to the idea of fusing AI with HPC.

The scientific advances in deep neural networks (DNNs) for HPC took center stage in the announcement. As I have noted in previous articles, DNNs are showing tremendous promise in High Performance Computing (HPC), not just on DNNs can be trained with massive datasets, created by running traditional simulations on supercomputers. The resulting AI can then be used to predict outcomes of new simulations with startling accuracy and can be completed in 1/1000th the time and cost. The good news for NVIDIA is that both supercomputing and AI are powered by—you guessed it, NVIDIA GPUs. Scientists have even more tools to use GPU hardware and to develop GPU software with NVIDIA’s new platforms.

The announcement of Summit as the world’s fastest computer was not a surprise; as a public project funded by the U.S. DOE, Summit has frequently been the subject of discussion. What is significant is that NVIDIA and the DOE believe that the future of HPC will be infused with AI, all running on the same hardware. The NVIDIA GPUs are delivering 95% of Summit’s performance, cementing the legitimacy and leadership of GPU-accelerated computing. HGX-2 makes that an affordable path for many researchers and cloud providers, while Summit demonstrates the art of the possible and a public platform for research. When combined, AI plus HPC also paves the way for future growth for NVIDIA.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/moorinsights/2018/06/12/ibm-and-nvidia-reach-the-summit-the-worlds-fastest-supercomputer/#69ebabcd31af

The Summit system, with 9,216 IBM processors boosted by 27,648 Nvidia graphics chips, takes as much room as two tennis courts and as much power as a small town. It’ll be used for civilian research into subjects like material science, cancer, fusion energy, astrophysics and the Earth’s changing climate.

Summit can perform 200 quadrillion (200,000 trillion) calculations per second, or 200 petaflops. Until now, the world’s fastest supercomputer has been the Sunway TaihuLight system at the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, China, capable of 93.01 petaflops.

Graphene the Future of Computing ?

Graphene the Future of Computing ?
Could make your computer a thousand (1000x) times faster.
Superconductive and Ultra-Thin
Conducts electricity 10x times better than copper, and 250 times better than silicon
Researchers built A transistor (Circuit) from graphene and applied current resulting in 1000 times increase in performance

Graphene Computers Work 1000 Times Faster, Use Far Less Power

Graphene-coated copper could dramatically boost future CPU performance
• By Joel Hruska on February 21, 2017

Graphene-coated copper could dramatically boost future CPU performance

IBM builds graphene chip that’s 10,000 times faster, using standard CMOS processes


While current chips are made of silicon, the prototype processor is made of graphene carbon nanotubes, with resistive RAM (RRAM) layered over it. The team claims this makes for “the most complex nanoelectronic system ever made with emerging nanotechnologies,” creating a 3D computer architecture.
If you follow a lot of tech circles, you may have seen graphene (a super-thin layer of carbon arranged in such a way that it has electrical properties verging on miraculous) come up in the news quite a bit, receiving plaudits about its massively fluid electrical conductivity and possible applications in several different technologies. What you haven’t heard much of is the ugly part of graphene: It’s impossible to build semiconductor transistors out of the material as it stands now since it has no electrical band gap to speak of. If that sounds confusing, that’s alright. That’s what this article is for!
Band Gap? What’s That?
A band gap is a tiny space in between a conduction band and a valence band that tells us at what level current will actually flow between the two. It’s like a little gatekeeper that keeps an electrical charge in one space until it is “turned off.” Virtually all chips on computers are made of a semiconductor material, which means that it has a moderate band gap that makes it neither conduct electricity so readily nor reject every electrical charge. This has to do with basic molecular structure, so there is quite a bit of chemistry involved in building a chip.
Very large band gaps exist in materials like rubber which will resist electrical currents so much that it would much rather catch fire than retain the charge. That’s why you use rubber to insulate the wires inside of cables. Materials with a negligible band gap are known as conductors, while those with virtually no band gap whatsoever are known as superconductors.
Today most chips are made of silicon, which serves as a very sturdy and reliable semiconductor. Remember, we need semiconductors that can quickly be turned on and off at will, not superconductors, which will lose the charge they were given the moment the band no longer supplies it.
Why Is Graphene Not Good for Building Chips?
As I mentioned earlier, graphene is an extremely efficient conductor of electricity but nothing much more than that. It can push a charge at an incredible speed, but it cannot retain it. In a binary system you may need to retain data so that your running programs don’t just close the instant they open. It’s important in a RAM chip, for example, to ensure that the data inside it can stay put and remain readable for the foreseeable future. When a transistor is in the “on” state, it registers a “1.” In an “off” state, it registers a “0.” A superconductor would be unable to “switch off” because the difference between “on” and “off” voltage is so small (because of the tiny band gap I mentioned earlier).
That’s not to say that graphene wouldn’t have a place in a modern-day computer. It certainly could be used to deliver information from one point to another quickly. Also, if supplemented by other technology, we could possibly see graphene used in transistors at some point in the future. Whether that would be an efficient investment of capital is up to the industry to decide.
There’s Another Material! (One I believe has more promise)
One of the problems with silicon is its inflexibility when working on ultra-thin surfaces. A piece of silicon could only be shaved so thin for it to be functional. That’s why we were exploring the use of graphene in the first place (it’s one single atom thick). Since graphene may not prove promising without investing truckloads of money into its development, scientists began trying other materials, one of which is titanium trisulfide (TiS3). The material not only has the ability to function even at the thickness of a single molecule, but it also has a band gap very similar to that of silicon.
The implications of this are far-reaching for miniature technology products which pack a vast amount of hardware in a very constrained amount of space. Thinner materials will also dissipate heat more efficiently, making them favorable for large power-hungry computers.
Graphene As A Promising Material For Computer Processors
From the time Graphene technology has been introduced, It has gained popularity as one of the most advanced materials with diverse applications. It can be used in mechanical and biological engineering applications. Car manufacturers are taking advantage of its weight and strength, Making it an excellent choice of materials to be combined with polymer composites.
It is also popular as a choice for energy storage and for solar cells. Nonetheless, Recently, It has also generated buzz because of the introduction of the Graphene processor, Which is expected to improve computing in more ways than one. IBM Taking Advantage of Graphene Among others, IBM is one company that has expressed its serious commitment to building a Graphene processor, Which is expected to redefine the future of computers.
By 2019, The company expects to develop a processor that is smaller and more significantly powerful than what is available in the market today. The goal is to build IBM Graphene transistors that measures only 7 nanometres but unrivalled in terms of the power it can provide to the computers of the future. As a demonstration of being serious in the pursuit of this component in a Graphene CPU, The company has invested $3 billion to provide the funding necessary for the development of the technology and in having it polished before finally being introduced in the market.

The Technological Singularity

The technological singularity or simply The Singularity is the belief that the invention of artificial superintelligence (ASI) in combination with Neurochips will abruptly trigger runaway technological growth, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilization and humans themselves. Many refer to the human change as becoming Cyborgs (Half-Machine and Half-Human). John von Neumann, Vernor Vinge and Ray Kurzweil define the concept in terms of the technological creation of super intelligence. They argue that it is difficult or impossible for present-day humans to predict what human beings’ lives would be like in a post-singularity world. Some such as myself, believe that the combination of such technologies as Molecular NanoTechnology, Neurochips (Computer Interface with Human Brains), and Artificial Intelligence may all combine to radically change the entire World and Human Society. Some even speculate that AI might bring about the end of Mankind. The Singularity may happen within the next 20 or 30 years if not sooner. A neurochip is a chip (integrated circuit/microprocessor) that is designed for the interaction with neuronal cells. In Science-Fiction there have been many stories of Cyborgs who have many mechanical or Machine based parts. However, I believe we are coming to a period where we may be able to use organic systems that may be far more compatible. We are even seeing the dawn of being able to create human organs or parts for replacement of failed organs. “Neuromorphic computing—the next big thing in artificial intelligence—is on fire.” This is a quote from an article from February 2018 by Shelley Fan ! Cybernetics is considered to be the Science of integration of Computers with people (inside of them). We may be in for some very interesting but also dangerous times ahead !

Now Available AMD Ryzen Laptops

HP, Lenovo, Acer and Dell are all now displaying Ryzen Laptops
Several Other companies have also joined the Bandwagon.
Prices range from about $580 to $800+ or even $1500+ for Ryzen 7
with 17 inch Screen.
Here is an example :- Acer Laptop Swift 3 SF315-41-R5LE AMD Ryzen 7 2700U (2.20 GHz) 8 GB Memory 256 GB SSD AMD Radeon Vega 10 15.6″ Windows 10 Home Price $921.00 (U.S.)

Another example is : –
HP Unveils EliteBook 700 G5, ProBook 645 G4 Laptops with Ryzen PRO [UPDATED]
by Anton Shilov on May 9, 2018 3:00 PM EST
https://www.anandtech.com/show/12731/hp-unveils-elitebook-700-probook-645-laptops-with-ryzen-pro
includes the 735, 745, and 755 models (Different Screen Sizes etc….)

8K Video Editing capable systems

This particular build is the AMD Ryzen Threadripper 1950X processor available on board. Based on AMD new’s game-changing ThreadRipper CPU architecture, the unit provides enough processing power for seamless 8K video editing in real-time. Moreover, the performance benefits of ThreadRipper surpass those of the Xeon and i9 line built by the engineers of team blue (Intel). Looking at the Cinebench scores comparing ThreadRipper, i9, and a Xeon processor, we found that AMD can achieve 37% better performance compared to Intel’s line of processors.
Even with both the i9 and ThreadRipper processors overclocked, AMD still manages to pull ahead of team blue’s flagship product. AMD’s ThreadRipper architecture can be hailed as an example of the progression of processor speeds today. A Geekbench comparison, where we compared the speeds of the Intel 6700K, the former standard for efficient video editing, against other processors, including the ThreadRipper.
It goes without saying that the other essential component for the efficiency of every video editing workstation, besides the processor, is the graphics card. In this build, we put to the test three different GPUs – the AMD Vega Frontier (Brand New) for those using DaVinci Resolve, NVIDIA 1080 Ti for those who want to take advantage of CUDA support when editing in Adobe Premiere Pro, and the AMD Radeon RX580 for those working on a budget. At the end of the day, the ThreadRipper-based beast was able to complete each task with low rendering times and no perceivable issues.
Regarding efficiency, the ThreadRipper/Vega combination blows the competition out of the water. After placing 14 LUTs on a 4K clip inside of DaVinci Resolve, the program was able to playback the footage flawlessly with only 35% CPU usage and 65% GPU usage, now we’re talking Editing Power !

If you think this editing PC wasn’t jaw-dropping enough, keep in mind that it can even handle the playback of 8K footage, which is the equivalent to playing four streams of 4K footage simultaneously. This type of performance is absolutely insane, especially when you consider that’s not edit-friendly codecs like ProRes or CineForm, but REDCODE Raw 8K footage. The fact that this machine can even handle such quality is an indisputable evidence of its computing power.

Meanwhile, here’s the full list of components you will need to build this 8K Video Editing Beast from scratch.
 Corsair Crystal Series 570X RGB Computer Case (B&H, Amazon US)
 EVGA SuperNOVA 850 G2 Power Supply (B&H, Amazon US)
 AMD Ryzen Threadripper 1950X CPU (B&H, Amazon US)
 ARCTIC Liquid Freezer 360, High-Performance CPU Water Cooler (Amazon US)
 GIGABYTE X399 AORUS Gaming 7 Motherboard (Amazon US)
 Ballistix Sport LT 64GB Kit RAM (B&H, Amazon US)
 Samsung 960 EVO Series – 1TB PCIe NVMe SSD (B&H, Amazon US)
 Corsair SP Series, SP120 RGB LED, 120mm High-Performance RGB LED Fan (B&H, Amazon US)
 AMD Radeon RX Vega Frontier 64 8GB Graphics Card, used in the video (for DaVinci Resolve) (B&H, Amazon US)
 NVIDIA GTX 1080 Ti 11GB Graphics Card (for Adobe Premiere Pro) (B&H, Amazon US)
 AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB Graphics Card (the budget option) (B&H, Amazon US)

As an alternative, here is some publicity from HP about the Power of their workstations : –

HP’S NEW Z8 WORKSTATION LETS YOU EDIT 8K IN REALTIME WITH UP TO 3TB RAM AND 48TB STORAGE
September 14, 2017
HP have revealed a truly insane powerhouse of a PC
Housing dual Xeon CPUs with 56 processing cores, Hewlett Packard’s new Z8 workstation takes up to 3TB of RAM (I know!) and 48TB of storage space. While a fully decked Z8 might be out of the price range of most creatives, the base price isn’t actually that bad, at a mere $2,439. For comparison, the 6 core Apple Mac Pro with 16GB RAM starts at $2,999.
There are actually three systems in HP’s new “Z” range. There’s the most powerful, the Z8, and then the imaginatively named Z4 and Z6 for not-quite-so-power-hungry users. Even the lowly Z4, though, is rather impressive.
Starting at only $1,249, the Z4 has a single 18 core Intel Xeon W-2155 CPU, up to 256GB RAM and 4TB internal storage. It’s aimed primarily at 3D CAD users. The Z6 starts at $1,919, for the base model, with 48 cores of Intel Xeon Platinum 8180 processor and supports up to 384GB RAM. The Z6 does support dual processors, too, and this is aimed more at photographers, video editors and visual effects artists.
The Z8, though, is built for the seriously hardcore. With 56 cores, 3TB RAM, 48TB storage, and 3x Nvidia Quadro P6000 graphics cards, it’s an absolute monster. Getting one to that spec, though, is probably going to be substantially more than the $2,439 base model price.
Of course, if you’re actually shooting and editing in 8K, even fully loaded, this computer is likely going to be nothing compared to what you paid for the camera.
HP Z4, Z6 and Z8 prices start at $1,249, $1,919 and $2,439 respectively, and should start to become available from October for the Z6 and Z8 and November for the Z4. You can find out more about them on the HP website.
Very sexy sounding machines, although personally I think I’ll stick to building my own. It’s easier on the wallet.
And, yes, there’s probably a typo on HP’s website. the Z4 doesn’t really support up to 256TB of RAM.

What are the system requirements to edit and produce an 8K video?
There are not actually hard-and-fast rules. Things like FCP X and Premiere Pro CC actually support 8K video editing now. You’ll want to make sure that you have a GPU supported by either product, and plenty of CPU and RAM (16GB at least).
However, most of all, you need blazing fast disks. USB3 is probably not going to cut it. You’ll need either an internal disk array (very large, very fast) or an external array on Thunderbolt or, better, Thunderbolt 2.
Mind you, if you are spending $100,000 for an 8K camera (like the Red WEAPON 8K), the computer’s really the least of your worries. You can buy whatever the manufacturer suggests.
Displaying your 8k video will be expensive. This size of video is currently used in huge venues and has two or three massive projectors. To avoid having the seam where the projectors overlap on a video one or two of the projectors will play a neutral background while the 2K/4K video is playing. A software/hardware presentation device is used to separate out the projector feeds.
But the big question is why 8K? No commercially available cameras can shoot it, no monitor can display it at full res and no single projector can project it without downscaling it. If you are looking to futureproof it a simple 4K version is way way easier to do on all fronts measurable and will be a viable standard for years to come. In fact a great deal of content that is effects heavy is still rendered in 2K to save render time.
In 2014 only 1% of American homes had 4K TV’s. We are sitting at about 10% now in early 2016 and estimates are that by 2020 it may be around 40-50% (source New York Times) that is just 4k.
8k over 4k will definately be on the side of diminishing returns.
The quantum jump from B&W TV to color was amazing. Everybody was blown away.
The hop from VHS to DVD was jaw dropping.
The switch from standard def to HD was stunning.
Going from HD to UHD is a nice improvement for some content.
The switch from 4k to 8k (whatever it will be called) will be ok but most people with average sized 8K TV’s will not even notice the difference over their old 4K set.
By 16k nobody will care anymore.

Extract from one of my Upcoming Books

CHAPTER FIFTEEN
The New Wealth
In the past, it was always proclaimed that the field of real estate, had created more millionaires than any other field. This is no longer true, today that field is the Internet. In the past two or three decades, more millionaires have been created through innovative use of the Internet.
Which is the main reason for this particular section in the book. Currently there is a crazy rush and hurry of various people offering courses, memberships, and online learning in how to leverage the Internet to become rich.
Please be cautious, do research, and your due diligence concerning any offer to help you become a millionaire. That being said, there are more opportunities in numerous ways of making money through the Internet. One of my friends is currently ramping up his new company in the field of Internet and Social Media advertising. He plans within 4 to 6 months to be self-sufficient and independent. He will then quit his regular job to concentrate on his new business. He is already on track to be making within the next 90 days income of over $15,000.00 per month. This is a very conservative estimate, I believe that with his current plan and skills he is well on the way within the next year to make more than $300,000.00 annually.
I speak of this only as an example.
There are several various people on the Internet currently offering to gain you an income through the Internet by one of the following:
Amazon and Shopify, Affiliate Marketing or through Clicks, E-Mail offers and Sales, etc…
They are all valid however the steps and infrastructure to be put in place is not simple or easy for the average person. Therefore again be cautious take it one step at a time, do your homework, and always make sure you’re not about to lose your shirt.
So how is this done?
Amazon and eBay are well-known. Amazon currently does more than 136 billion American dollars in Sales. This is a huge market and a huge opportunity.
Several people are currently offering information and courses on how to create your own Amazon business and selling products on Amazon.
Careful consideration is necessary here.
There are obviously already numerous number of companies and or people who are indeed selling on Amazon and making money. However not everyone makes good money or is well placed with good products that are profitable.
One of the ways that some of these people suggest is to pull up through Google the Amazon top 100 sellers. Not only can you get the top 100 sellers, you can also do it by category. This is supposedly a good indication of what sells and what makes money. However it has to be the right price point and your cost has to be low enough to permit a reasonable profit after all the Amazon fees, duties, and shipping costs have been factored in. Obviously a major part of this is having the right supply and the right supplier.
Negotiate, Negotiate, Negotiate
Get the best prices possible. Source suppliers (Global Sources, WISH, Banggood, etc….) and find the right supplier at the right price and quantity.
Please be diligent and study and analyze your costs with Amazon and your suppliers as well as shipping costs before determining at what price you can sell and still make a reasonable profit !

One of the formulas or methods I like seems to be a common stream from many Online Gurus or self-avowed experts. Writing and or Blogging or VLogging (Vlog is video), combined with a structure of Landing Page, Thank You Page, and using or leveraging Clicks as well as promoting your own products or Books etc…
Basically, write (I actually use a Speech Recognition software to work faster) and be either someone with a large following or participate in Groups of similar taste or ideas to get the message out. You then offer link to Landing Page obtain E-Mails for a Database and then pass them on to a Thank You page for supplying their E-Mail where you provide an incentive such as free E-Book or article or such. Along the way have links for Affiliates and Clicks to make you money or commissions if they buy from these others. Use of an Auto-Responder (Automated E-Mail follow-ups) is made to automate as much of the process as possible etc…
Very Minor investments and no Hardware or physical stuff to worry about, I like it !
See the end of this Chapter to get more information and Links etc…
I mention earlier in the book how you should try to turn any Hobby or passion into a business and use or leverage Internet. There are hundreds if not thousands of stories of people who use Shopify and/or Amazon to do this. Give it some thought and also do your Research and Homework !

Ways to Make Money Online
WRITE A BOOK AND GET ROYALTIES.
Okay, so this one takes a bit of work. But let’s say you’re an expert on a subject. On Mutual Funds, for example, Once you actually write the book and put your expertise to paper, then get it published, you’re pretty much done.
From then on, whenever people buy your book, you get paid in royalties. The precise amount of royalties are contingent on your contract with the book publisher.
CUT OUT THE MIDDLEMAN WITH SELF PUBLISHING.
If you self- publish on Amazon or another self-publishing platform like SmashWords or Digital2Draft, there are standardized contracts that pay you depending on how many people download the eBook or read it through such as Amazon’s eBook-lending program. That way, you can cut out the middlemen of the publishing industry and make a higher percentage of profit from your own book.

CREATE AN ONLINE COURSE AND GET PAID FOR IT.
Let’s say you’re an expert in a subject, but don’t think that a book is the right way to communicate the knowledge you want to share.
You can do it with an online course. You can make and upload one to Udemy, for example, and set your own price points. Whenever someone buys the course, you’ll get paid.
MAKE A WEBSITE AND GET ADVERTISEMENT REVENUE.
If you’re an expert in a subject, but that subject isn’t fit for a book project or an online course, set up a website!
Use WordPress, Weebly, or some other web-creation platform to make a site and make your guide there. Then sell online ads – which you can do with Google, for example – on your site so that you get some spare revenue whenever someone reads your work.
If you’d rather implement a paywall instead of advertising, the startup Verst can help you do just that.

OR MAKE A YOUTUBE VIDEO GUIDE.
Stick with me. Let’s say you’re an expert on a subject, but the best way to convey your information isn’t in a book, an online course, or a post on the web. Instead, consider making a YouTube video.
YouTube is filled with thousands and thousands of guides on every topic imaginable. If you’re an expert on how to do a factory reset on an iPhone, you can make a video about that. If you’re an illustrator and want to explain the vocabulary of your trade, you can make a video about that.
As with the web, YouTube lets you set up ads on your videos. People searching for those subjects will find your videos, watch them, and then the ad revenue will roll in indefinitely.
IF YOU ALREADY HAVE A WEBSITE, USE REFERRAL LINKS.
Whether your website is an online guide, a blog, or whatever else, use referral links whenever you discuss a product.
Sites like Amazon, for example, let you add a bit of code in the URL of a product. If anyone buys the product through that URL, you get a percentage of the revenue from that purchase
REFER PEOPLE TO APPS.
If you use an app often enough, referral credit is as good as cold, hard cash. Uber and Lyft (ride-sharing), Seamless (food), Touch of Modern (clothes), and other apps offer you some credit for every person you refer who uses the app to make a purchase.
BE IN A COMMERCIAL.
Any actor will tell you that getting an acting gig – even a commercial – is tough. But if you live in a major metropolitan area, though, it isn’t as difficult to become an extra.
If the contract is good, you can make some serious money. One person was featured in a Target commercial that was in heavy rotation during the 2012 Summer Olympics. He got $500 every time it aired and used the cash to pay off a good chunk of his college tuition.
AIRBNB YOUR UNUSED APARTMENT OR ROOM.
If your kids have flown the coop and you have an extra room in your house, or if you’re traveling for a while and won’t be in your apartment, consider renting it out for the short term on websites like Airbnb or VRBO.
They basically allow you to turn your room into a hotel. You can list your room, set rental dates and prices, and people visiting the area will pay you to live in your room for a short amount of time. (Check about Local Regulations concerning such Rental)
How much you can make depends on the rental market in your area. If you have an apartment in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, for example, you can stand to make a pretty penny by renting out your room while you go backpacking in Europe for the summer. But if you’re in Pittsfield, Maine, you might not find as much demand for your house’s extra bedroom.
INVEST IN INDEX FUNDS.
It’s generally a really bad idea to try to play the stock market unless you’re a financial professional.
There’s one exception: index funds. Investing in a small number of stocks is a volatile business. It’s possible to make a lot of money, but you could lose a lot, too.
Investing in index funds puts a little bit of money in a lot of stocks. Those stocks track parts of the stock market as a whole. One index fund known as the S&P 500 has grown by more than 2,000% over the last 40 years, so it’s a relatively safe, stable fund to invest in.
However, you likely don’t stand to lose or gain as much money as you would if you invest in individual stocks.
To invest in stocks, the easiest way would be to get a brokerage account at a bank like Charles Schwab, or use the free stock trading app Robinhood, which gives you a free share in a stock, usually worth around $5 if you sign up with a referral code

INVEST WITH STASH AND GET $5.
Stash is another app that, like Robinhood, lets you invest in different stocks. You get a $5 bonus just for joining that you can use toward investments.
SAVE YOUR MONEY IN A HIGH-YIELD SAVINGS ACCOUNT.
When you save your money in a savings account, banks often give you extra money based on interest.
Sometimes their interest rates can be low – below inflation rates, even – which means you’re effectively losing money. The interest figure, often referred to as “APY,” can differ based on which country or state you live in and what each bank offers in your area. On the low end, they’re about 0.01%, assuming you meet the bank’s minimum requirements.
But with a high yield savings account, you can get an APY of about 1%. It isn’t much, but it’s significantly higher than what a low-interest account would offer.
Unless you have a lot of savings, it’s hard to be eligible for a high-yield savings account from a traditional bank. Instead, you’ll probably have to park your money in an online bank, like Ally or Synchrony. Since they don’t have brick-and-mortar stores, they pass the money they save on rent to the consumers, with things like high-yield savings and by reimbursing users for ATM fees.
INVEST IN HIGH-DIVIDEND STOCKS.
Among the funds you invest in, make some high-dividend stocks.
There are two kinds of dividends: cash dividends and stock dividends.
Cash dividends are when companies give shareholders cash based on their profits, and stock dividends are when corporations give shareholders extra stock.
Dividends are given for different reasons, but they’re ways that companies reward shareholders for holding on to a stock.
The list of companies that regularly give out dividends sometimes changes, but you can find some recent ones on finance sites like The Motley Fool, which currently recommends Iron Mountain.

GET EVEN MORE CASH BACK WITH EBATES.

Thousands of online stores, whether it’s J.Crew or Amazon, also offer cash back, for purchases you make on their sites. You just need to know where to look.
The website Ebates catalogs almost all of them. If you shop with their browser extension installed, it’ll tell you when cash back or coupons are available. You can also
use the extension Wikibuy or Honey, which have Ebates integration built in, and additionally checks in the background if the item you’re shopping for is cheaper on a different website. (Although personally find Honey and such Popups very annoying)
TopCashBack is another good EBates alternative. It’s a bit harder to use, but sometimes offers better rates.

SELL YOUR PHOTOGRAPHY TO THE WEB.
Sites like INSIDER always need good photos for our content, like the one above.
Sometimes we take our photos ourselves, sometimes we get them from news-wire services like Reuters and Getty, and sometimes we get them from stock image services, like Shutterstock and iStock.
For Shutterstock and iStock, anyone can submit their photos to be included in the service. You just have to follow their guidelines and upload your photos. Then when someone (like INSIDER) downloads your photos through them, they’ll pay you a fee. If you’re a photography hobbyist, it’s a relatively simple way to make some money from your photographs.
GET PAID FOR WATCHING TV AND PLAYING VIDEO GAMES.
It’s the dream, isn’t it?
Sites like Inboxdollars and Cashcrate will pay you money to keep track of the television you watch, the video games you play, and other habits you might have already. All you have to do is take surveys to give your feedback, and they’ll pay you.
The money comes from research firms that want to understand consumer habits.

MAKE MONEY BY TAKING SURVEYS.
Taking mindless surveys is a time-honored way of .making money on the Web, InstaGC, Earnhoney, and Prizehoney are all reputable sites to do it. You should note, though, that they all have some minimum amount of money you need to get before you can cash out.

GET PAID FOR BROWSING THE WEB.
Similarly, Swagbucks will pay you for installing an add-on that tracks your searches. Like Inboxdollars, they’re a middleman for research firms that want to understand how people use the web.
You earn points for doing everyday things, and can redeem them for gift cards at stores you’d probably shop at anyway, like Amazon and Walmart.

Other Alternative Use Amazon to Sell Niche Product s (Warning this can be very difficult and Expensive, first do your Research) using such as Shopify and or BigCommerce etc….

Télé et Ciné a Volonté !

Comme écrit dans un Article précédent (Boite TV), la Télé et le Cinéma a volonté est maintenant une chose de disponible. Par contre il est essentiel de faire des recherches et découvrir quels sont nos options ! Une visite au site ou les pages Web de les chaines locale est une bonne façon de découvrir des émissions gratuite en toute liberté ! Parfois ces mêmes Chaines de télévision on un service en ligne aussi, parfois gratuit et autres fois payant. Achat d’appareil tel que Apple TV ou Roku, ou même un Téléviseur avec Roku intégré est une façon rapide de profiter et faire essais de ces services. Apple Store et Google Play Store propose souvent des locations de Films ou des émissions de télésérie avec des prix de 99 sous a $3,00 ou plus (vérifié les termes des fois vous avez juste 48 heures afin de utilisation). Autres Services ou Site ONF.ca Gratuit (office National du Film), BANQ.qc.ca Gratuit (Biblioteque et Archives Nationales du Québec), Video.tva.ca Gratuit, Tou.tv ou ICI.tou.tv gratuit ou $6.99/mois. Plusieurs autres services Payant tel que Netflix, Amazon Prime Vidéo, etc… Lire article précédent sur les Boite TV pour plus d’ information !